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环保型生物降解地膜

广东省科技图书馆(汇编整理) 2017/9/7 16:34:29
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ENVIRONMENT-FRIENDLY BIODEGRADABLE MULCHING MATERIAL 摘要:The present invention relates to an environment-friendly biodegradable mulching material comprising : a fiber raw material which is a natural hemp, a natural rayon, a natural cotton or a mixture thereof; a natural fiber extracted from almond skin or palm tree bark; a natural adhesive which is a vegetable glue or an animal glue; a pigment; and an additive. Since the environment-friendly biodegradable mulching material according to the present invention consists of only natural materials, the soil can breathe even when the mulching material covers the area near crop roots, and also the mulching material is biodegraded by soil microorganisms, and thus an extra removal process is not necessary, thereby having an effect of reducing manpower. Furthermore, it has been found that the mulching material prevents soil pollution by releasing various harmful gases, and considerably affects the harvest of the crops by strengthening the resistance to diseases and insect pests due to proliferation of harmful microorganisms by increasing dissolved oxygen. Particularly, it has been found that the mulching material has effects of : being prey to effective microorganisms during the degradation process of the mulching material; inhibiting the germination and growth of weeds by blocking penetration of sun light; and being a good raw material of fermented compost due to the restoration of the order of the natural ecosystem and the growth of the effective microorganisms. 摘要(翻译):本发明涉及一种环保可生物降解的覆盖材料包括 : 一种纤维原料为天然麻,天然,人造纤维,天然棉或其混合物;天然纤维一种从杏仁皮或棕榈树皮;天然粘合剂是一种植物胶或动物胶;一种颜料;和添加剂。由于环保可生物降解的覆盖材料根据本发明仅由天然材料,即使在地膜土壤呼吸材料覆盖作物根部附近的区域,还地膜原料易生物降解,被土壤的微生物,从而不需要额外的去除工艺,从而具有减少人力的效果。此外,已经发现,通过释放地膜材料防止土壤污染各种有害气体,和作物的收获显著地影响通过增强对疾病的抵抗力和虫害的增殖通过增加有害微生物的溶解氧。具体地,已经发现,地膜原料中具有 : 被猎物以有效降解过程中微生物的地膜原料;抑制杂草的萌发和生长的阻断水分渗透的太阳光;,是一种良好的发酵堆肥的原料由于顺序恢复天然的生态系统和有效微生物的生长。 公开(公告)号:WO2015137533A1 公开(公告)日:2015-09-17 申请号:WOKR14002067 申请日:2014-03-12 申请人:HONG Myoung Joo; HWANG Young Jun; HWANG Da Eun

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